In 1650, at the Battle of Dunbar, the English defeated the Scots. 10,000 Scots were captured and marched from
Durham to . They were given very little to eat. This was a true story of “survival of the fittest” with many prisoners dying on the way either from disease, or being killed due to disability or inability to keep up with the crowd. Newcastle
The Scots who did survive, presented a problem for the English, just due to sheer numbers. It was too expensive to house and feed them, but too dangerous to set them free and perhaps allow an uprising.
One week after the battle,
's governing body, the Council of State, turned the prisoner’s over to Sir Arthur Hasenlrigge to be disposed of as he saw fit. Several of the prisoners had petitioned to be transported overseas. As such, 150 of the fittest were sent down to England London, led aboard the “Unity” and transported off to New Hampshire in . Several weeks later, another 270 were led aboard the “John & Sara” and set sail for America . Boston
The ship’s list of the John & Sara has been transcribed and can be found at: